New scientist carbon dating
The early history of ancient Egypt is murky because although there are plenty of archaeological finds, including royal tombs, there is no reliable way to attribute firm dates to the various reigns and periods.Radiocarbon dating has previously been of limited use because dating individual objects gives ranges of up to 300 years.They entered these into a computer model to estimate the most likely dates of transition between the different periods.It is illegal to remove archaeological samples from Egypt, so the researchers dated items from museum collections in Europe and North America, as well as freshly excavated seed samples from Tell es-Sakan on the Gaza Strip, which was an outpost of ancient Egypt.His experiment started in the late 1950s, and by the early 2000s almost all of the foxes on the farm displayed remarkable changes in behavior, according to an in-depth report penned by Lucy Jones of the .Foxes are considered notably hard to tame, but Belyaev’s foxes seemed preternaturally easygoing.
His goal was to recreate the process by which humans gradually turned wild dogs into workers and friends, hopefully learning something about the mechanism of domestication in the process.
It lasted for millennia and set a template that countries still follow today.
Archaeologists have assumed it developed gradually from the pastoral communities that preceded it, but physicist Mike Dee from the University of Oxford and his colleagues now suggest that the transition could have taken as little as 600 years.
The powerful civilisation of ancient Egypt took just a few centuries to build, according to a radiocarbon dating study that sets the first solid chronology for the period.
Five thousand years ago, Egypt became the world’s first territorial state with strict borders, organised religion, centralised administration and intensive agriculture.